Ⅰ.词汇知识

1.____________ adj.暂时的;临时的

2. ____________ n.损伤;伤害→____________ vt.→____________ adj.

3.____________ vi.&; vt.流血→____________ n.血;血液;血统

4.____________ vi.&; vt.(使)噎住;(使)窒息

5.____________ n.障碍;屏障;障碍物

6.____________ n.毒药;毒害vt.毒害;使中毒→

____________ adj.

7.____________ adj.复杂的

8.____________ n.变化;多样(化);多变性

9.____________ adj.轻微的;温和的;温柔的→____________ adv.轻微地;温和地

10.____________ vi.&; vt.(使)膨胀;隆起→____________ adj.肿胀的

11.____________ vt.&; vi.榨;挤;压榨

12.____________ adj. 至关重要的;生死攸关的

答案:1.temporary 2.injury;injure;injured 3.bleed;blood

4.choke 5.barrier 6.poison;poisonous 7.complex

8.variety 9.mild;mildly 10.swell;swollen 11.squeeze

12.vital

Ⅱ.重点短语

1.________________ 对(伤患者的)急救

2.________________ 生病

3.________________ 触电;电休克

4.________________ 榨出;挤出

5.________________ 反复;多次

6.________________ 在适当的位置;适当

7.________________ 受伤

8.________________ 各种各样的

答案:1.first aid 2.fall ill 3.electric shock 4.squeeze out

5.over and over again 6.in place 7.get injured 8.a variety of

Ⅲ.必背句型

1.Now quickly read about "First Aid for Burns” ______________________(摘自一本名叫《家庭急救知识》的书上的).

答案:taken from a book called First Aid for the Family

2.。。。it is ______________________(使你感到冷热、疼痛) and it gives you your sense of touch.

答案:where you feel cold,heat or pain

3.Burns are called first,second or third degree burns,______________________(根据皮肤的哪层组织被烧伤).

答案:depending on which layers of the skin are burned

4.Remove clothing using scissors if necessary ______________________(除非衣服粘贴在烧伤面上).

答案:unless it is stuck to the burn

Ⅰ.品句填词

1.Since he wants to continue studying at university,he only found a________(暂时的) job in the summer holidays.

答案:temporary

2.He escaped from the car wreck without ________(损伤).

答案:injury

3.The police put up ________(障碍物)to control the crowd who were excited.

答案:barriers

4.He would remove his jacket, roll up his ________(袖子),and play Ping­Pong with the kids.

答案:sleeves

5.Downstairs he found Beryl at the table with the newspaper and a pair of ________(剪刀).

答案:scissors

6.Having a fever is one of the ________(症状) that you have got a cold.

答案:symptoms

Ⅱ.完成句子

1.Joe ________________(坐起身来) when he heard the knock on his bedroom door.

答案:sat up

2.We don’t think your suggestion is quite ________________(适当的).

答案:in place

3.The doctor has warned him ________________________________(反复) to stop smoking,but he doesn’t take any advice.

答案:over and over again

4.I got an ________________ (电击) from that light switch.

答案:electric shock

5.Being given ________________(急救) at the scene of the accident probably saved his life.

答案:first aid

6.There are ________________________(各种各样的)toys in the store for you to choose from.

答案:a variety of

Ⅲ.单项填空

1.(2011年济宁高二检测)The orange looks dry,but you may be able to ________ a few drops.

A.break out        B.give out

C.squeeze out D.put out

解析:选C.break out(指战争、火灾等)爆发;give out发出,分发;squeeze out挤出;put out扑灭。句意:这个桔子看上去干瘪了,但你也许能挤出少量汁液来。

2.—How long has your grandma ________?

—About three months.

A.fallen ill B.been ill

C.fall ill D.be ill

解析:选B.句意:——你奶奶生病多长时间了?——大概三个月了。fall ill强调突然病倒,是短暂性动词短语,不能与一段时间状语连用;be ill表示生病的状态,是延续性动词短语,可与一段时间状语连用。结合句意可知应选B.

3.(2011年厦门高二检测)The fellow felt rather ________ as he was the only person that wore sportswear at the party.

A.in place B.out of place

C.by the way D.in the way

解析:选B.句意:在宴会上,小伙子感到很不自在,因为他是唯一一位穿运动装的人。in place“适当的”;out of place“不适当的,不恰当的”;by the way“顺便说一下,顺便问一下”;in the way“挡道”。

4.Mike didn’t play football yesterday because he had ________ his leg.

A.damaged B.hurt

C.hit D.struck

解析:选B.damage指“破坏,损坏”;hurt意为“伤害,使……受伤”;hit意为“击中,打中”;strike指“击打,敲打”。句意为:迈克昨天不能踢足球是因为他的腿受伤了。只有hurt符合题意。

5.He is so kind a boy that he often ________his mother clean the table, even the furniture.

A.aided B.helped

C.assisted D.offered

解析:选B.aid, assist后跟不定式的复合结构;help后面的to可省略,表示“帮助某人做某事”。

6.More and more people choose to shop in a supermarket as it offers a great ________of goods.

A.variety B.mixture

C.extension D.combination

解析:选A.本题考查词义辨析题。variety样;mixture混合;extension扩展;combination合并,结合。

7.You are supposed to report it to your headmaster ________,otherwise he will be angry.

A.if it was necessary B.if necessary

C.if necessarily D.if you are necessary

解析:选B.if necessary为if it is necessary的省略形式,表示“如果有必要的话”。A项时态不对;D项主语不对;C项省略形式不对。

8.Mr. Smith is such a ________ person that he never loses his temper.

A.generous B.mean

C.mild D.rude

解析:选C.句意为:史密斯先生是这样一位性情温和的人,他从来不发脾气。generous意为“慷慨的;大方的”;mean意为“吝啬的”;mild意为“温和的”;rude意为“粗鲁的”。

9.They often use wood as fuel to ________ coal.

A.take place B.take the place of

C.in place of D.instead of

解析:选B.句意为:他们经常用木头作为燃料来代替煤。take place意为“发生,举行”,与句意不符;take the place of意为“代替,取代……”;in place of和instead of也意为“代替”,但此处需用动词短语。故B项正确。

10.(2011年威海高二调研)We were greatly ________ in our investigation by the cooperation of the police.

A.exposed B.aided

C.submitted D.switched

解析:选B.句意:我们在调查的过程中得到警方的大力协助。aid帮助,协助。expose暴露;submit提交,呈递;switch开关;转换。